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Guntur (Dist), Andhra Pradesh,

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Eastern Ghats - Our Working Areas

Empowering the Coastal Lives and Areas through Networks of CBOs, NGOs and Non-Profits

Few Facts about Eastern Ghats

 

 

The Eastern Ghats lying south east of India from Odisha to Tamilnadu is entirely different from the Western Ghats, because a western hat is the continuous range of scarp lands and the Eastern Ghats are mostly absent on the scrap areas.

And there are many variety and featured species of birds and mammals own to Eastern Ghats. Also p to 30 species of amphibians including the Gunther's toad, pond frogs and Nearly 100 species of reptiles occur in the Eastern Ghats. Many endangered species are also present, including the mugger crocodile (Crocodylus palustris), Indian black turtle.

Rivers flowing through Eastern Ghats include:

And there are 14 rivers that originate from Eastern Ghats, which are rapidly being declined in water resources due to various factors. And there are over 14 sanctuaries and national parks in Eastern Ghats.

 NSTR, WLM & Bay of Bengal 

The Bay of Bengal is widely recognized as one of the world’s most vulnerable regions to the impacts of climate change. This vulnerability is a function of both the wide variety of climate risks as well as the density and diversity of the roughly 400 million people who call it home.

In a warming world, communities living in the low-lying coastal plains and river deltas increasingly find their lands eroded away by a rising sea and their freshwater ruined by saltwater intrusion. Further inland, droughts, floods and deadly heat waves afflict the health of vulnerable groups in addition to the crops communities depend on for their livelihoods.

The ways in which people experience these impacts is often uneven; a person’s identity—gender, ethnicity, livelihood, class and age—affect an individual’s ability to respond to shocks as well as the community’s overall resilience and adaptive capacity. In the Bay of Bengal region, the people most vulnerable to the effects of climate change face a binary problem: lack of representation in the narratives of governments and major media outlets, and a lack of access to quality information about climate change and building resilience to its impacts.

AP Coastal Areas

Andhra Pradesh has a length of 974 kilometers of coastal line. The Coastline of Andhra Pradesh is located on the southeast coast of Indian Peninsula, and forms a part of Coromandel Coast, with waters of Bay of Bengal. It has the second longest coastline among the states with a length of 974 km (605 mi), next to Gujarat.

Andhra Pradesh has more than 9 sanctuaries and national parks including the Nagarjuna Sagar tiger reserve park, which is the largest tiger reserve in India spreading 3568 square kilometers. And it also has SVN biosphere park with flora of dry deciduous mixed forest with patches of moist deciduous forests in the valleys, and about 178 species of birds from this national park have been identified. The globally threatened yellow-throat bulbul is seen here.

There are more than 7 bird sanctuaries including the one and only migratory bird sanctuary name Uppalapadu Bird Sanctuary.

There are many tribes and other communities live in the buffer, core and fringe village of the forests of the Eastern Ghats with a lot of livelihood activities. NTFP Collection to agriculture and all to the coastal lines of Andhra Pradesh in fishing too. Andhra Pradesh’s coastal lines are contributing large revenue in sea food and other marine items too.

India and Andhra Pradesh state have extended coastal areas and there are potential areas to make utilize for the cultivation promotion of Seaweed and Marine Algae paving way for thousands of poor families live over coastal areas. Among the states that have feasible coastal areas where the seaweed have less attack of tides, waves, predators and diseases and natural threats, Andhra Pradesh has a very good potentiality, yet its Algae cultivation has “neglected” even without data according to a study in regard of Tamilnadu’s and Kerala’s coastal agriculture. Thus CVN conducted studies on to know the following objectives to be taken with extend of possibilities:

  • To promote the Seaweeds cultivation among the coastal families and communities in order to enhance their income, livelihood and prepare them for main channel for their areas development, employable and agriculture investors as of others.

  • To create awareness, train and capacitate the coastal communities on cultivation of seaweeds and mariculture activities providing methods and techniques of cultivation, processing, improvement of seaweed species through tissue culture, post harvest technology, value addition, extraction of high value chemical and pigments, alternate bio-fertilizer etc.

Calamities and few Predictions

AP’s 974 kilometers of coastal plains make it as the 1st one on eastern side and the 2nd largest coastal line in India. According to the data, nature of climate change and especially in connection with various studies by Indian researchers and international observatory like UNDP, World Bank, NRM related organizations, India will have rapid and high climate change, severe hot, high tides, cyclones, displacements, agro-changes, seas level rises etc. and its coastal lines are vulnerable to the high risks of tsunami too. And many incidents show that AP which is Situated in Tropical Region on East Coast is exposed to Cyclones, Storm surges, Floods & Drought and the total coastal area spread over 92,906 Sq. kms in the nine 9 coastal districts are prone to cyclones.

AP State is exposed to Cyclones ,Storm surges, Floods, Tsunami ,Drought, Earthquake & Climate extremity. And looking into the disaster and casualities data one can only be astonished at the severity and “prone area” to such incidents of AP; they are Cyclones:

  • 44% of the State is vulnerable to Cyclonic Storms103 Cyclones affected AP last century

  • Coast between Ongole and Machilipatnam is highly vulnerable to Tropical Surges

  • Floods: Major 5 River systems (Godavari, Krishna, Penna, Vamsadhara , Nagavali).

  • Floods in AP are due to Cyclone Rains, spilling of smaller Rivers, Drainage problems in Delta etc.

  • Tsunami: Dec 2004- 9 districts affected, hundreds of people lost life and huge loss of livelihoods

  • Frequent threatening of Tsunami warning.

  • Earthquake: Andhra Pradesh lies in 3 Seismic Zones (I,II & III). Expert studies says likely risk in any part of State fall under Zone III and Possibility of Shifting of Zone from III to IV Drought:

  • Increasing frequency of drought in Rayalaseema, and parts of Coastal Andhra Pradesh