ECO-RESTORATION AND COASTAL NRM
Coastal areas' lack energy options, depletion of coastal resources of coastal ecosystem, swamp forests, fertile soil and such many issues
Rural and Coastal Renewable Energy Options:
Power is one of the most critical components of infrastructure crucial for the economic growth and welfare of nations. The existence and development of adequate infrastructure is essential for sustained growth of the Indian economy. It is common with each individual and especially the coastal and rural communities, villages and areas too, for they have blessings of infrastructure facilities, land and all.
Our rural areas and coastal belts have many such sources the most diversified power options and resources in the world. Sources of power generation range from conventional sources such as coal, lignite, natural gas, oil, hydro and nuclear power to viable non-conventional sources such as wind, solar, and agricultural and domestic waste. Electricity demand in the country has increased rapidly and is expected to rise further in the years to come. In order to meet the increasing demand for electricity in the country, massive addition to the installed generating capacity is required. India ranks third among 40 countries in EY’s Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Index, on back of strong focus by the government on promoting renewable energy and implementation of projects in a time bound manner.
Coastal Alagae Cultivation and Ecosystem Restoration efforts:
It is the continuing project that is especially over the coastal areas of Guntur district. The concept of the project is that the coastal areas of Andhra Pradesh state have high potentiality of coastal agriculture of marine alage cultivation. The states of Tamilnadu and Kerala utilize their coastal areas towards coastal agriculture towards benefits of coastal fishing and other backward families who are resource poor and have no normal cultivation is less possible due to saline and sea water specialties. India and Andhra Pradesh state have extended coastal areas and there are potential areas to make utilize for the cultivation promotion of Seaweed and Marine Algae paving way for thousands of poor families live over coastal areas. Among the states that have feasible coastal areas where the seaweed have less attack of tides, waves, predators and diseases and natural threats, Andhra Pradesh has a very good potentiality, yet its Algae cultivation has “neglected” even without data according to a study in regard of Tamilnadu’s and Kerala’s coastal agriculture. Thus CVN conducted studies on to know the following objective to be taken with extend of possibilities:
To promote the Seaweeds cultivation among the coastal families and communities in order to enhance their income, livelihood and prepare them for main channel for their areas development, employable and agriculture investors as of others.
To create awareness, train and capacitate the coastal communities on cultivation of seaweeds and mariculture activities providing methods and techniques of cultivation, processing, improvement of seaweed species through tissue culture, post harvest technology, value addition, extraction of high value chemical and pigments, alternate bio-fertilizer etc.
Eco-restoration through rural participation and management (ERRPM):
The villagers whether landed or landless and small or large ruminants maintain huge folk sizes, despite the major issue of fodder availability and development at village common land or own land. And as the agro-residues which contributed major portion of fodder needs, remained at a halt due to less investment in agriculture. For this reason, the livestock rearers of the aforesaid forest fringe villages depend for the most part of fodder needs on forest which is also a home for various herbivorous fauna. Notwithstanding the grazing restrictions on forest land, the villagers follow grazing on forest land, since it is the promising source of livelihood option for them. Also the livestock rearing communities are resource poor and CPRs and Grazing lands are also less. Thus over-grazing on forest land by ruminant rearers grounds for desertification and degradation of the forest eco-system and environment. The fodder needs of the livestock were met by the agro-forestry existed in olden days over the rural areas, but now a days those natural things nowhere to be seen. It also posed/pose ecological problems over the villages. Hence there is a need for the restoration of agro-forestry over the villages.